The Feature of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh in the Dīwān of Al-Imām Al-Shāfi’ī

Nadwah Daud(1*), Farrah Syafiqah Binti Mohd Fadzil(2), Ma’ahad Mokhtar(3),

(1) International Islamic University Malaysia
(2) International Islamic University Malaysia
(3) International Islamic University Malaysia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

This is a study of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh textual content analysis of the poetic verses in the Diwan of Imam Al-Shafi'i. At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh is referred as the most eloquent type of Tashbīh. There are fifteen poetic verses of the Diwan have been analyzed for the feature of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh. There were several structures of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh found in the verses in which two of them were widely used by the poet. The researchers would suggest that the feature of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh in the verses was mostly aggrandizement basis in order to emphasize on what the poet wanted to describe in terms of feelings, life experience, advice, and guidance. The purpose of At-Tashbīh was beyond merely simile presentation. The poet’s desire in providing life experience sharing and advice on good moral conduct has indirectly paved the construction of At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh feature in the verses. The poet used At-Tashbīh Al-Balīgh as tool of artistic imagination of what he has been through.    


Keywords

ahwāl at-tarafayn fit tashbīh al-mu’akkad; al-mushabbah; al-mushabbah bihi; at-tashbīh; at- tashbīh al-balīgh

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